English and Language Arts


Spencer High School English and Language Arts Essential Standards

The English and Language Arts Department has identified the following standards as essential standards that are part of our guaranteed and viable curriculum.  In the course of a student’s high school education they will learn to do the following.


W9-12.1 Write arguments to support claims in analysis of substantive topics or texts, using valid reasoning and relevant and sufficient evidence.


W9-12.2 Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization and organization of content.  


W9-12.3 Write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events using effective technique, well-chosen details and well-structured event sequences.


W9-12.9 Draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection and research.  


L9-12.1 Demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking.  


L9-12.3 Apply knowledge of language to understand how language functions in different contexts, to make effective choices for meaning or style, and to comprehend more fully when reading or listening.  


L9-12. 4 Determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grades 9-10 & 11-12 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies.  


L9-12.6 Acquire and use accurately general academic and domain-specific words and phrases, sufficient for reading, writing, speaking, and listening at the college and career readiness level; demonstrate independence in gathering vocabulary knowledge when considering a word or phrase important to comprehension or expression.  


RI & L 9-12.1 Cite strong and thorough textual evidence to support analysis of what the text says explicitly as well as inferences drawn from the text, including determining where the text leaves matters uncertain.


RI & L9-12.2 Determine two or more central ideas of a text and analyze their development over the course of the text, including how they interact and build on one another to provide a complex analysis; provide an objective summary of the text.  


RI & L9-12.6 Determine an author’s point of view or purpose in a text in which the rhetoric is particularly effective, analyzing how style and content contribute to the power, persuasiveness, or beauty of the text.


RL &I.10  Read and comprehend literature and nonfiction including stories, dramas, poems and nonfiction in the grade band text complexity band proficiently.


S&L 9-12.1 Initiate and participate effectively in a range of collaborative discussions with diverse partners on grade level topics, texts and issues, building on others’ ideas and expressing their own clearly and persuasively.


S&L 9-12.6 Adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, demonstrating a command of formal English when indicated or appropriate.